A sore throat is the first sign for someone who is suffering the cold. However, most of the time, the cold can get better and sometimes it goes away for the first two days. There are other symptoms that can accompany a sore throat like congestion or a runny nose. Another cause of a sore throat is tonsillitis or streptococcus bacteria. The strep throat is most of the time severe and it may persist for a long period. Tonsillitis is the painful infection or inflammation of the tonsils. This is the tissue found in the throat back.
Virus is a Common Cause of a Sore Throat
A sore throat may be caused by bacteria or viruses but the most common cause of a sore throat is virus. A viral sore throat is normally accompanied by many cold symptoms and it may include a runny nose, sneezing, watery or red eyes or a cough. Other causes of the smoking are dry air, allergies, irritants or pollution in the air and smoking.
When someone suffers a sore throat, he may suffer other symptoms of a cold such as fever, mild body aches, mild headaches, cough, sneezing and runny nose.
If a sore throat is caused by the virus, there is no cure for it. However, there are many ways that can be used in order to make someone feel comfortable. You can drink warm liquids, sucking at ice chips, gargling of warm and salted water, taking some over-the-counter drugs that can relieve the fever and pain. If you are sick because of the cold, you may need to get rest, drink enough fluids and take healthy diet.
Medications Used to Relieve Sore Throat Pain
Over the counter medications can relieve a sore throat and cold symptoms but in some instance their benefits are low and the common drugs that are used are pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen or naproxen which relieve a sore throat and cold. The sore throat lozenges and sprays are used to soothe the throat or to number the pain in the throat but temporally.
Decongestant nasal spray can be used to relieve a sore throat if it is a result of the postnasal drip which is the nasal drainage which runs into the throat. You have to stop the use of the nasal decongestant spray within three days or you can continue to increase the congestion when you have stopped it. Normally the antibiotic is not recommended to treat a sore throat or cold virus. The antibiotic is effective only when a sore throat has been used against the bacteria. They cannot work if a sore throat is caused by the virus or the cold.
When you suffer a sore throat, you have to make sure that it is not a strep throat. This is a serious problem and it can lead to rheumatic fever which can harm heart valves.